Glossary on aspects of animal rights

Aspects of animal rights

Description, comments and reference

Protection of animals

The protection of animals against abuse and neglect; the definition of institutions that protect animals. Please note: there is more that interferes with the well-being of animals than "abuse and neglect", f.e. "weariness" and deprivation of freedom.

Philosophers about animal rights

Jeremy Bentham, Peter Singer, Tom Regan, Paul Cliteur, Albert Schweitzer, Paul Taylor, Goodpaster, Aldo Leopold, John Rodman, Johnson.

Basic right

Rights and freedoms guaranteed in the Constitution.

Intrinsic value

Controversial and vague term that, after Tom Regan, is seen by some people as the basis for animal rights. Because the value of animals is considered intrinsic, it would not depend on human judgement. The intrinsic value or self-value is not dependent on the use the animal has for man.

Physical integrity

Inviolability of the body, violated f.e. by pulling teeth, clipping wings, cutting beaks, sterilization (spaying, neutering), applying ear marks, administration of internal chips.


Elsevier's Philosophical and Psychological Encyclopaedia (1975) describes "love" as follows: Not definable in a strict sense, that is not te be seized by an other concept because, to mankind, love forms a fundamental, irreducible way of being and experiencing. Love is the richest and deepest expression of inter-personal relationship. Within love, the other is being sought for love's sake and being accepted with all his or her failings and imperfections. In love one feels involved with the other: love seeks unity, in both spiritual and physical respect. ….. Immature love looks for itself, the child longs for tokens of affection that it will interpret as proof of appreciation for it's very person. But mature love, although certainly keeping this aspect, is -next to and above asking- capable of giving, i.e. of granting the loved one a central place.


Originally a Latin word, freely translated meaning "keeping a proper distance" and indicating a right balance between involvement with versus setting free others (man and animal).


The experience of satisfaction with one's situation in life. Animals are not well capable of showing whether or not they are satisfied. People can do so with words, animals only have their behavior to show how they feel. It is difficult to establish the well-being of animals.

Universal declaration on the well-being of animals

The World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) states that the universal declaration on the well-being of animals serves as collective standard to be used by all peoples and nations for the purpose of striving with all appropriate means to maintain these principles and consequently by means of progressive measurements, both nationally as well as internationally, to ensure that they will be recognized and applied everywhere and with good result.

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