How the dog became a companion animal
Dogs are probably the descendants of the gray wolf.
The first demonstrable signs of relationships between man and
wolves date back to 10.000 to 15.000 years ago. It's not certain whether man approached the wolf,
or vice versa. Both profited from the new situation: people used
wolves during the hunt, for keeping flocks together and to warn
against approaching enemies. Man in turn, made sure his wolves
Wolves are very social animals. Like humans, they
live in groups (called packs) with social ranks, in which some
wolves claim leadership. This made this animal suitable and attractive
as a companion, because wolves accepted man as their leader. Requirements
with regard to behavior and appearance of wolves started to change.
During the Middle Ages, people started seeing dogs
as status symbols. Dogs gave people distinction.
The number of dog breeds started to increase enormously.
Dogs were bred for size, length, color, face, behavior
and strokability, This is still happening today.
Thus we arrive with modern